ASTM D is the major specification covering Aviation Gasoline. and it is anticipated that the Grade 91 will now be removed from ASTM D freeing up. This standard is issued under the fixed designation D; the . last published in Specification D–94 in the Annual Book of ASTM. ASTM D Standard Specification for Leaded Aviation Gasolines.

Author: Zulkigore Fausida
Country: Albania
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Travel
Published (Last): 22 January 2006
Pages: 363
PDF File Size: 3.61 Mb
ePub File Size: 18.29 Mb
ISBN: 904-8-43979-115-3
Downloads: 17323
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Gosho

Supercharge testing can be a requirement for Avgas quality. Inan article by technology writer and aviation enthusiast Robert X Cringely attracted popular attention to the fuel. Link to Active This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard. Archived from the original on 6 April Avgas has a lower and more uniform vapor pressure than automotive gasoline so it remains in the liquid state despite the reduced atmospheric pressure at high altitude, thus preventing vapor lock.


The use of unleaded auto fuels with engines designed for leaded fuels can result in excessive exhaust valve seat wear due to the lack of lead.

Archived from the original on 4 September Likewise, if the fuel tank is mounted above the engine and fuel flows primarily due to gravity, as in a high-wing airplane, vapor lock cannot occur, using either aviation or automotive fuels.

Conversely, the gasoline shall meet the following requirements specified for all grades: Archived from the original on Retrieved 28 July Swift Fuels suggests that the fuel, formerly referred to as SF, will be available for “high performance piston-powered aircraft” before [52]. This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. This grade is available in a number of regions internationally. Archived from the original on 2 August The new standard requires the 16, remaining USA sources of lead, which include lead smelting, airplane fuels, military installations, mining and metal smelting, iron and steel manufacturing, industrial boilers and process heaters, hazardous waste incineration, and production of batteries, to reduce their emissions by October UL94 is not intended to be a full replacement for LL but rather is designed to be a drop-in replacement for aircraft with lower-octane-rated engines, such as those that are approved for operation on Grade 80 avgas or lowerUL91, or mogas.


New agriculture-based fuel revealed at Delphi Airport”. The public comment period on this petition closed on 17 March ExxonMobil supplies two grades of Aviation Gasoline: Prevent all spills from reaching water. Components Propeller governor Propeller speed reduction unit Spinner.

Avgas – Wikipedia

The Lycoming position is supported by aircraft type clubs c910 owners of aircraft that would be unable to run on lower octane fuel. No information has yet been published in its performance, producibility or price.

At ast, EPA public consultation held in June on the new standards, Andy Cebula, the Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association ‘s executive vice president of government affairs stated that general aviation plays a valuable role in the USA economy and any changes in lead standards that would change the current composition of avgas would have a “direct impact on the safety of flight and the very future of light aircraft in this country”.

Assurance Testing Inspection Certification. This does not constitute an insurmountable obstacle, but merely requires examination 9d10 the fuel system, ensuring adequate shielding from high temperatures and maintaining sufficient pressure in the fuel lines.

Archived from the original on 28 February Northwestern University Medill School of Journalism. Retrieved 11 September Turbine engines are designed to use kerosene -based jet fuel. Retrieved 10 May In such fuels, the lead acts as a lubricant, coating the contact areas between the valve, guide, and seat.

Historical Version s – view previous versions of standard. This fuel is not currently in production and no refiners have committed to producing it. Used to power piston-engine ultralight aircraft. There are other classification systems for military turbine fuel and diesel fuel. However, prices are so high that there have been efforts to convert to diesel fuel which is common, inexpensive, and has advantages for aviation use.

The EPA’s own studies have shown that to prevent a measurable decrease in IQ for children deemed most vulnerable, the standard needs to be set much lower, to 0.


ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.

This 94UL meets the avgas specification including vapor pressure but has not been completely tested for detonation qualities in all Continental engines or under all conditions. AOPA satm the new regulations as not affecting general aviation as they are currently written. Propeller governor Propeller speed reduction unit Spinner.

SuperCharge Octane Testing for Aviation Fuels

In addition to vapor locking potential, automotive gasoline does not have the same quality tracking as aviation gasoline. Retrieved 3 December Confusion can be caused by the terms Avtur and AvJet being used for jet fuel. Fortunately, significant history of engines converted to mogas has shown that very few engine problems are caused by automotive gasoline [ citation needed asrm.

This fuel is made by blending existing refinery products and produces detonation margins comparable to LL. However, all of their engines require that an oil additive be used when unleaded fuel is used: Archived from the original on 20 May Archived from the original on 25 June Alternatively, Friends of the Earth requests that EPA commence a study and investigation of the health and environmental impacts of lead emissions from general aviation aircraft, if EPA believes that insufficient information exists aatm make such a finding.

Retrieved 31 October Each candidate fuel must meet a checklist of 12 fuel specification parameters and 4 distribution and storage parameters. UL94 meets all of the same asfm property limits as LL with the exception of a lower Motor octane number InX910 Fuels LLC was formed to bring in oil and gas industry experience, scale up production and bring the fuel to market.