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Currently, there are three kinds of apprenticeship: For more detailed figures visit: Other aspects of working life addressed in collective agreements Over the last years, social partners have enhanced the role of bilateral bodies, also as a consequence of the provisions set out in Act no. A healthy economy depends on a healthy workforce; organisations lose productivity through ill-health of their workers. If there exists a gender-based difference in the remuneration within the same company, the issue has to be tackled through social dialogue or before a court provided the non-discrimination provisions can be applied to the specific situation.

The coverage of NCBAs can be cross-sectoral, sectoral, or related to specific occupations within one or more sectors, depending on the level of negotiations adopted by social partners. Coop Bipartite vocational training fund National cooperatives Training National Bilateral Institution for the Craft Sector Ente Bilaterale Nazionale Artigianato, EBNA Bipartite non-institutional fund Sectoral craft sector Research, coordination, and monitoring of local bilateral bodies in the craft sector that are active in the fields of training, income support, welfare provision, and safety at work.

Statutory leave arrangements Maternity leave Maximum duration Two months before and three months after delivery or one month before and four months after delivery. With Jobs Act, a binary system has been created: Moreover, Fommercio states that firm-level agreements are binding if signed by the majority of RSU members or by the RSA receiving the majority of proxies from employees.

Health and well-being Maintaining health and well-being should be high-priority for workers and employers alike. Collective agreements can provide for opening clauses.

Data is based on xcnl 61g from the sixth European Working Conditions Survey Consequently, a doctor must certify the state of illness, submitting the certificate to INPS through an online procedure. On 10 Junethe Council of Ministers also adopted a decree aimed at modifying the acts implementing the Jobs Act.


Derogation mechanisms Collective agreements can provide for opening clauses. The Italian industrial relations framework has undergone numerous changes in recent years, moving towards an increasingly important role for decentralised bargaining and a closer link between wages and productivity.

It also envisages interventions to reduce the administrative burden on firms and to promote work—life reconciliation. In greater detail, specific categories of 211 people will have the possibility to access the special APE, which is funded by the State. The category of people with disabilities includes: Trade unions About trade union representation Employees enjoy the constitutionally enshrined right to organise unions and to strike.

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National Bilateral Institution for the Agricultural Sector Ente Bilaterale Agricolo Nazionale, EBAN Bipartite non-institutional fund Sectoral agriculture Training, research, welfare provision, and safety at work National Paritarian Commission for Social Security Funds in the Construction Sector Commissione Nazionale Paritetica per le Casse Edili, CNCE Bipartite non-institutional fund Sectoral construction sector Administrative support to companies, and coordination and monitoring of activities of local bilateral bodies in the construction sector that are active in the fields of income support and welfare provision.

Data is based on question 54b from the sixth European Working Conditions Survey The sanction consists only of compensation for damages i. Working life in Italy Print pdf. In the figure, we see a comparison between Italy and European Union for the workers with ‘Age: A vertical coordination mechanism is in place in the Italian bargaining system: Eurofound’s Governing Board represents the social partners and national governments of all Member States, as well as the European Commission.

These organisations will sit with other social partners to negotiate or renew the relevant NCBA. Two requirements shall exist for a strike to be considered lawful: Basic rights and pay levels are established at sectoral level, while decentralised collective agreements aim to adapt the general conditions to a specific context, in accordance with the mandatory provisions set out at sectoral level.

For the ‘No’ answer, Italy’s score is lower than the European Union score. Wages and salaries of all workers are usually paid on a monthly basis. Work organisation Work organisation underpins economic and business development and has important consequences for productivity, innovation and working conditions.

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Living and working in Italy

No specific provisions exist as to the implementation of an equal pay structure; the whole issue is regulated by the provision against discrimination in whatever conffesercenti it may occur.

Yet, the price levels were very close between the two observed years, suggesting figures would not change significantly if adjusted for the inflation rate.

It has been difficult for me to fulfil my family responsibilities because of the amount of time I spend on the job.

For more detailed information on working time including annual leave, statutory concesercenti collectively agreed working timeplease consult:. Bibliography De Luca, T. This change is apparent from the high number of agreements and protocols concluded between the parties, including the renewal of public-sector employment contracts and consensus achieved on the need to reform the pension system.

Industrial action and disputes Commercoi aspects The right to strike is enshrined in Article 40 of the Italian Constitution. They are interlocking parts in a multilevel system of governance that includes the European, national, sectoral, regional provincial or local and company levels. Female employment increased 2. The minimum wage is set by each NCBA, which lays down minimum standards for the whole category it applies to throughout the country.

Timing of the bargaining rounds NCBAs are generally renewed every two years with regard to wages, and every four years with regard to other aspects. Not too much has changed, but the future of collective bargaining has started to become more evident: All these levels fall within the domain of NCBAs, which can cover a larger or smaller number of sectors and occupations.

Living and working in Italy | Eurofound

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In some specific cases, additional months are envisaged. Please note that there is no clear distinction between commerio cross-sectoral, occupational, and sectoral levels in Italy.