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One of the projects undertaken by the Council was the creation of a Creed, a declaration and summary of the Christian faith.

Concílio de Niceia | História para você

To determine which lunar month was to be designated as Nisan, Christians relied on the Jewish community. Health care Schools Cooncilio. Arius, Theonas, and Secundus refused to adhere to the creed, and were thus exiled to Illyriain addition to being excommunicated. The Arian controversy arose in Alexandria when the newly reinstated presbyter Arius [39] began to spread doctrinal views that were contrary to those of his bishop, St.

Concílio de Hieria

concikio According to surviving accounts, the presbyter Arius argued for the supremacy of God the Fatherand maintained that the Son of God was created as an act of the Father’s will, and therefore that the Son was a creature made by God, begotten directly of the infinite, eternal God.

Thus, the Dw of Alexandria presided over Egypt, Libya and the Pentapolis, [8] while the Bishop of Antioch “enjoyed a similar authority throughout the great diocese of Oriens,” and all by the authority of the Bishop of Rome. Houghton Mifflin Company, p.

Autonomous churches grouped by tradition: The Arians appealed to Scripture, quoting biblical statements such as “the Father is greater than I”, [44] and also that the Son is “firstborn of all niceix. Similarly, Eusebius of Nicomedia and Theognis of Nice also agreed, except for certain statements.

The majority of the bishops agreed. Thereupon, the debate about Arius and church doctrine began. Athanasius of Alexandria, a young deacon and companion of Bishop Alexander of Alexandria, was among the assistants. Respecting the clerical decision, and seeing the threat of continued unrest, Constantine also pronounced civil judgement, banishing them into exile.


This section needs additional citations for verification. Original Nicene Creed[2] 20 canons[3] and a synodal epistle [1]. Today, most scholars think that the Creed is derived from the baptismal creed of Jerusalemas Hans Lietzmann proposed.

The initial number of bishops supporting Arius was small. Collections of ancient canons. Basil over the Nicene Creed. After being in session for an conculio month, the council promulgated on 19 June the original Nicene Creed. In the Council of Nicaea, “The Church had taken her first great step to define revealed nicria more precisely in response to a challenge from a heretical theology.

Eusebius speaks of an almost innumerable host of accompanying priests, deacons, and acolytes.

Quarto Concílio de Constantinopla (Ortodoxo)

Retrieved 7 October This profession of faith was adopted by all the bishops “but two from Libya who had been closely associated with Arius from the nicceia.

Baroque Period to the French Revolution. In Nicaea, questions regarding the Holy Spirit were left largely unaddressed until after the relationship between the Father and the Son was settled around the year A Syriac manuscript lists the names of the eastern bishops which included twenty two from Coele-Syria, nineteen from Palestine, ten from Phoenicia, six from Arabia, etc. Canon Canon Censure canon law Excommunication List of excommunicable offences in the Catholic Church List of people conci,io by the Catholic Church List of excommunicated cardinals Interdict Internal forum Laicization penal Latae sententiae.

First Council of Nicaea – Wikipedia

The Council declared that the Son was true God, coeternal with the Father and begotten from His same substance, arguing that such a doctrine best codified the Scriptural presentation of the Son as well as traditional Christian belief about him handed down from the Apostles. As to Meletius himself, episcopal rights and prerogatives were taken from him. Canon lawCollections of ancient canonsand Promulgation canon law.


Hosius stands at the head of the lists of bishops, and Athanasius ascribes to him the actual formulation of the creed. In the mean time, paganism remained legal and present in public affairs. An Eighteenth Century Life of Jesus.

In particular, the Council did not seem to decree that Easter must fall on Sunday. Great Church Catholicism portal Eastern Orthodoxy portal.

At first, Constantine encouraged the construction of new temples [67] and tolerated traditional sacrifices.

Roman Catholics assert concklio the idea of Christ’s deity was ultimately confirmed by the Bishop of Rome, and that it was this confirmation that gave the council its influence and authority. Easter was henceforward to be a Sunday in a lunar month chosen according to Christian criteria—in effect, a Christian Nisan—not in the month of Nisan as defined by Jews. Greek words like “essence” ousia”substance” hypostasis”nature” physis”person” prosopon bore a variety of meanings drawn from pre-Christian philosophers, which could not but entail misunderstandings until cincilio were cleared up.

One purpose of the council was to resolve disagreements arising from within the Church of Alexandria over the nature of niceiia Son in his relationship to the Father: The original source of this “fictitious anecdote” is the Synodicon Vetus[80] a pseudo-historical account of early Church councils from AD They justified this break with tradition by arguing that it was in fact the contemporary Jewish calendar that had broken with tradition by ignoring the equinox, and that in former times the 14th of Nisan had never preceded the equinox.

Ncieia bishoprics of AlexandriaRomeand Antioch were placed substantially on equal footing.