If we explore the Swedish culture through the lens of the 6-D Model©, we can get a good overview of the deep drivers of Swedish culture relative to other world. If we explore French culture through the lens of the 6-D Model©, we can get a good overview of the deep drivers of France’s culture relative to other world. Please select a country in the dropdown menu below to see the values for the 6 dimensions. After a first country has been selected, a second and even a third.

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Country Comparison – Hofstede Insights

Control is disliked and attitude towards managers are informal and on first name basis. The French prefer to be dependent on the central government, an impersonal power centre which cannot so easily invade their private life. Inhe received his 9th honorary doctorate in Prague, at the age of Individualism The fundamental issue addressed by this dimension is the degree of interdependence a society maintains among its members.

Decisions taken have to be based on the country’s customs and values.

Join the Hofstede Insights Network A highly selective worldwide network of culture and management consultants with extensive professional experience and knowledge on how to implement culturally hofstedee management practices. Often these are also studies with a very limited number of countries.

Retrieved 6 September Societies prioritize these two existential goals differently. The results from this study led Hofstede to add a new fifth dimension to his model: As companies try to adapt their products and services to local habits and preferences they have to understand the specificity of their market.

For example, if you want to market cars in a country where the uncertainty avoidance is high, you should emphasize their safety, whereas in other countries you may base your advertisement on the social image they give you. Organization Studies, 35 7 However, the deal is not complete in the Middle Eastern culture.


All the levels in communication are affected by cultural dimensions: The national culture measure of power distance is positively correlated with the ratio of companies with process innovation only over the companies with any of the three types of innovation considered in the country determinant of correlation: Weak UAI societies maintain a more relaxed attitude in which practice counts more than principles.

In societies exhibiting low UAI, people believe there should be no more rules than are necessary and hhofstede they are ambiguous or do not work they should be abandoned or changed. A Feminine society is one where quality of life is the sign of success and standing out from the crowd is not admirable. Power Distance Index PDI This dimension expresses the degree to which the less powerful members of a society accept and expect cultuuur power is distributed hofstexe.

With this model, Geert Hofstede shed light on these differences. And this is also valid for written communication as explained in William Wardrobe’s essay “Beyond Hofstede: Hofstede authored and co-authored numerous publications in the field of social psychology and ubm anthropology. When describing culture, gender differences are largely not taken into consideration. This section needs additional citations for verification. These considerations are also true in international management and cross-cultural leadership.

Hofstede’s model explaining national cultural differences and their consequences, when introduced incame at a time when cultural differences between societies had become increasingly relevant for both economic and political reasons.

Cultures can be described as Indulgent or Restrained. The model consists of the following dimensions: Even if country indices were used to control for wealth, latitude, population size, density and growth, privileged males working as engineers or sales personnel in one of the elite organizations of the world, pioneering one of the first multinational projects in history, cannot be claimed bim represent their nations.


There is sampling discrepancy that disqualifies the survey from being authoritative on organizations, or societies, or nations as the interviews involved sales and engineering personnel with few, if any, women hocstede undoubtedly fewer social minorities participating Moussetes, I provided a skeleton for the countries he studied, and he provided the flesh.

The fundamental issue here is how a society deals with the fact that the future can never be known: Especially the dimensions Power Distance, Individualism vs. By using this site, uofstede agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

He analysed a large database of employee value scores collected within IBM between and Dimension data matrix Here are, in downloadable.

The 6 dimensions of national culture

The Academy of Management Review, October33 4: Those with a culture which scores high, on the other hand, take a more pragmatic approach: This, in hofsrede with a high score on Uncertainty Avoidance, implies that the French are less relaxed and enjoy life less often than is commonly assumed.

In OctoberMaastricht University School of Business and Economics launched the Geert Hofztede Fund, aiming at encouraging activities around multicultural cultur and research about the impact of cultural differences. These levels are overlooked often because of the nature of the construction of these levels. The French are self-motivated to be the best in their trade.

Select one or several countries in the menu below to see the values for the 6 dimensions. Hofstede replied to that critique [26] and Ailon responded.