The term “pinworm” refers to Enterobius vermicularis, a tiny, threadlike, white roundworm (formally known as a nematode) that infects the. Learn about pinworms, the facts on how the infection is spread, and the life cycle of how long it lasts in humans. Gravid females move outside the anus during the night and deposit eggs in the perianal area. The larvae in the egg become infective in approximately 4 hours.
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Enterobiasis may also be acquired through surfaces in the environment that are contaminated with pinworm eggs e. Fertilized female worms migrate out through the anus and deposit eggs of the perianal skin.
These would be swallowed and follow the same development as ingested eggs. Enterobius vermicularis is common in human children and transmitted via the faecal-oral route. The female worm releases near the anus of the human body spreading enteobius eggs in the adjacent parts of the host and on the under garments.
Enterobius vermicularis Linnaeus Enterobius anthropopitheci Gedoelst,  Enterobius gregorii Hugot, disputed   . Pinworms are sometimes diagnosed incidentally by pathology. American Society for Microbiology. Gravid females migrate out through the anus onto the perineum, particularly during the night, and leave trails of eggs up to 10, as they crawl about.
These worms form three developmental stages: The disease caused by pinworm is known as oxyuriasis. Fasciolopsis buski Fasciolopsiasis Metagonimus yokagawai Metagonimiasis Heterophyes heterophyes Heterophyiasis. Enterobius vermicularis LifeCycle B.
Views Read Edit View history. The nematode roundworm Enterobius vermicularis previously Oxyuris vermicularis also called human pinworm. Self-infection occurs by transferring infective eggs to the mouth with hands that have scratched the peria.
Such transmission is therefore not strictly faecal-oral, but rather contaminative, involving the transfer of eggs to the mouth via host behaviours or inanimate objects.
While the eggs are very resistant to many disinfectants, they are susceptible to desiccation in dry conditions.
Life Cycle of Enterobius (With Diagram)
Alternatively, eggs trapped in perianal folds may hatch and the larvae may enter the intestines directly via the anus process called retro-infection. Adult worms appear as elongate whitish tubes with pointed tails. Enterobius vermicularis Parasitic roundworms File: January 10, Content source: National Library of Medicine. The following 3 pages uses this file: Humans are the only natural host of Enterobius vermicularis. Household decontamination is difficult as infective lice can survive for many days in cool moist house dust and for a few days on toys or furniture.
Retrieved 18 November Journal of Medical Case Reports. The eggs, however, are oviposited around the anus perineum where they are subsequently dislodged and ingested by their hosts. This image is a work of the Centers for Disease Control and Preventionpart of the United States Department of Health and Human Servicestaken or made as part of an employee’s official duties.
Life Cycle of Enterobius (With Diagram)
Following ingestion of infective eggs, the larvae hatch in the small intestine From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The life cycle begins with eggs being ingested. The drug of choice is mebendazole, although albendazole, levamisole and pyrantel pamoate are also effective. The female worms are longer than the male.
Retrieved 8 April The larvae contained inside the eggs develop the eggs become infective in 4 to 6 hours under optimal conditions. The males have a curved tail and a single penial spicule in the cloaca fig.
However, individual families often spend considerable time and money trying to rid themselves of infections. Metazoa Animalia multicellular eukaryotes, animals Nemathelminthes nematodes Secernentea Phasmidea with chemoreceptors known as phasmids Oxyurida pinworms; pointed tails Oxyuroidea eggs liff around anus of host Family: The time interval from ingestion of infective eggs to oviposition by the adult females is about one month.
The egg shell is digested in the duodenum of the host and the larvae are released. Adult worms tend to congregate in the ileocaecal region of the gut where they attach to the mucosa, but vermicularks may wander throughout the intestines enterpbius the stomach to the rectum. National Center for Biotechnology Information, U. Egg under a light microscope. Manson’s tropical diseases 22nd ed. These eggs contain the rhabditiform larva.